MENSTRUAL IRREGULARITIES (Period Problems)
What are menstruation and the menstrual cycle?
The menstrual cycle is the process by which a woman’s body gets ready for the chance of a pregnancy each month.
Menstruation is the part of a woman’s monthly menstrual cycle in which blood and tissue are discharged from the vagina. It is also commonly called a period or menstrual period.
What are menstrual irregularities?
Sometimes women have problems in their menstrual cycle - called menstrual irregularities. They may not get periods, get periods too frequently, have unpredictable menstrual bleeding, or they may have painful periods.
When not caused by pregnancy, menstrual irregularities are usually a sign of a larger condition or problem. There are many conditions that can cause menstrual irregularities.
Amenorrhoea is not a disease. Instead, it is a symptom of another condition. Possible causes can include moderate or excessive exercising, eating disorders (such as anorexia nervosa), physical or psychological stress, tumours, and hormonal problems. Women with polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) may also experience amenorrhoea.
It is important for you to see your health care provider to determine the cause of amenorrhoea. Treatment for amenorrhoea depends on the underlying cause. Sometimes lifestyle changes can help if weight, stress, or extreme physical activity is causing the amenorrhoea. Other times, medications and oral contraceptives can help the problem.
There is no proven treatment to make a woman’s ovaries work normally again. However, estrogen replacement therapy (ERT) gives women the estrogen and other hormones their bodies are not making and can help women have regular periods and lower their risk for osteoporosis.
Women who have uterine fibroids but show no symptoms may not need any treatment. Some women with fibroids have heavy menstrual periods, and some may bleed in between periods. Medications can often offer relief from many of the symptoms of fibroids, such as pain, and can even slow or stop their growth. There are also several types of surgery that can remove the fibroids.
There are several ways to treat pain, including pain medication, hormone therapy, and surgery.
There are also some treatments for infertility associated with endometriosis. In vitro fertilization often works to improve fertility in women with the condition. Hormone treatments and surgery offer other infertility treatment options.
Painful periods can sometimes be eased by using heating pads or taking a warm bath. Over-the-counter pain relievers can also help with the pain. Your health care provider might recommend birth control pills or a birth control shot to make periods less painful.