Everything You Need to Know About Parkinson’s Disease

March 31st, 2016

What is Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease develops over many years as the nervous systems gradually becomes damaged.

What are the symptoms?

  • Muscles become stiff/inflexible
  • Involuntary shaking of certain parts of the body
  • Movement decreases

Those are the main symptoms, however there can be more, such as:

  • Depression and anxiety
  • Constipation
  • Insomnia
  • Anosmia (loss of smell)
  • Dementia
  • Excessive sweating

What causes Parkinson’s disease?

Parkinson’s disease is caused by a loss of nerve cells, meaning a reduction of the chemical dopamine is made. Dopamine is a very important part of regulating movement, so the lack of dopamine is responsible for the majority of the symptoms of Parkinson’s disease.

Who is affected?

It’s been suggested that 1 in 500 people are affected by Parkinson’s disease, the majority being men. Most people only start to notice symptoms once they are over 50; however 1 in 20 people experience symptoms when they are under 40.

How is Parkinson’s disease treated?

Currently there is no cure – yet treatments are there for reliving symptoms and to benefit the individual’s quality of life.

Therapy:

  • Physiotherapy
  • Speech and language
  • Diet
  • Occupational

Medication:

  • Levodopa
  • Dopamine agonists
  • Monoamine oxidase-B inhibitors

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