Amenorrhea - Causes of Female Infertility

This is the name given to an absence of menstrual periods which can cause fertility problems. There are two types of amenorrhea:

  • Primary
  • Secondary

Primary amenorrhea occurs in young women who have reached the age of 16 without starting menstruation. This is usually the result of a hormone problem or low body fat levels which fail to trigger the release of oestrogen.

Secondary amenorrhea occurs when a woman who has had normal periods up until now experiences an absence of her periods for more than 3 months. This can be caused by a drop in hormonal levels, low levels of body fat (as a result of excessive exercise) or a problem with her reproductive system.

Amenorrhea can also be a factor in polycystic ovarian syndrome (POS), anovulation and fibroids.

Treatment options include lifestyle changes, hormone replacement therapy (HRT), oral contraceptives and diet/nutrition advice.

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