What Is Eczema (Atopic Dermatitis)?

Eczema, also known as dermatitis, is a type of skin rash that has a variety of causes. It can exist as either an acute (short lived) problem or a chronic (long lasting) skin problem. The rash appears red, dry, possibly with flaking or scaly skin. The borders of the rash are often difficult to make out. There may be raised bumps of inflamed skin (papules), or blisters too. In chronic eczema, the affected area of skin can become thick and leathery, with more prominent skin creases (lichenification), which is often a response to lots of rubbing and scratching. There may also be colour changes, and there can also be scratch marks and cracks.

Eczema is usually classified by the following categories:

  • Atopic eczema
  • Seborrhoeic eczema
  • Discoid eczema
  • Irritant eczema
  • Allergic contact eczema
  • Asteatonic eczema
  • Gravitational eczema
  • Lichen simplex
  • Pompholyx

Eczema Guide Index:

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