Hand and wrist surgery : Specialists

About the hand and wrist

The hand and wrist are delicate and yet fascinating structures which can perform a whole range of movements. The human hand contains 27 bones in total which are arranged as follows:

  • 14 bones in the fingers: known as ‘phalanges’
  • 8 bones in the wrist: known as ‘carpals’
  • 5 bones in the palm: known as ‘metacarpals’

Movements of the hand are possible by a series of muscles and tendons. These enable the hand to perform as series of gestures, such as making a fist or grasping an object.

Men have larger hands than women.

This orthopaedic specialty deals with conditions of the hand and wrist.

What is a hand and wrist surgeon?

This is an orthopaedic surgeon who specialises in problems of the hand and wrist. This includes:

  • Sports injuries
  • Carpal tunnel syndrome
  • Repetitive strain injury (RSI)
  • Lacerations and puncture wounds to the hand and/or wrist
  • Joint damage
  • Fractures to the hand and/or wrist
  • Trigger finger
  • Dislocation
  • Arthritis

What does a hand and wrist surgeon do?

He or she will perform surgery to treat a range of conditions which includes reconstructive work following an accident or injury. Surgery on the hand or wrist includes:

  • Carpal tunnel decompression (relieve pressure on a trapped nerve in the wrist).
  • Wiring a broken wrist
  • Trigger finger (releasing a tendon so that a finger can straighten properly)
  • Tendon repair
  • Ganglion cyst removal
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