Infertility : Specialists

What is infertility?

Infertility is defined as the inability for a man or woman to conceive and contribute to a pregnancy. Around 1 in 6 couples has difficulty conceiving but the actual number of couples who are classed as infertile is low, at 5%.

If a couple have being trying to start a family for two years but without any luck then they are said to be infertile. There are two forms of infertility which are:

  • Primary infertility: couples who have never had children and are unable to conceive.
  • Secondary infertility: couples who already have a child or children but are now unable to conceive.

If a couple has been trying to conceive for a year but without any success then they need to speak to their GP. Infertility affects both men and women.

Women aged 35 and upwards are at greater risk of infertility than younger women. Their fertility levels drop after the age of 35 plus there is an increased risk of health problems such as fibroids or endometriosis.

What causes infertility?

Infertility is caused by a whole range of factors which include age, problems with ovulation (women), low sperm count (men), sexually transmitted diseases and stress. In some cases, infertility can occur for no apparent reason.

What does an infertility specialist do?

He/she will discuss fertility problems with a couple before carrying out a physical examination. He or she will then refer them for tests which include:

  • Hormone test
  • Semen test
  • Thyroid function test
  • Chlamydia test
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